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This paper aims to determine the lingual form, language variations, and the purpose of speech in greetings from various Middle Eastern countries. The method used is a qualitative method. The theory used is sociolinguistic theory. The research data is in the form of direct interviews with several lecturers from Middle Eastern countries in the environment of STAI Imam Syafi'I Cianjur, West Java. The written results are lingual forms in the form of phrases, clauses, and sentences; language variations in terms of speakers and the formality and intent of speech from welcome greetings in several Middle Eastern countries.
Keywords: sociolinguistics, greeting, Middle East